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Methley Striders Safeguarding Adults in Athletics Policy & Procedures.
As a UK affiliated running club we have a legal and moral obligation to provide a duty of care to protect all adults at risk of abuse and safeguard their welfare, irrespective of age, disability, gender, ethnicity, gender identity, religion or belief and sexual orientation.
Everyone who takes part in athletics is entitled to participate in an enjoyable and safe environment. To ensure this Athletics in the UK is committed to establishing and implementing policies and procedures to ensure a safe athletics environment. The objective is to build a safe future in athletics for all adults at risk of abuse. 
It is not our individual responsibility to determine whether or not abuse, or an offence, has been committed, this is the responsibility of the professionals (i.e. social services, police etc.) responsibility is purely to report any concerns or incidents.
Policy Objectives. 
 This document is based on the following principles: – 
· Everyone has the right to live their life free from violence, fear and abuse. 
· All adults have the right to be protected from harm and exploitation. 
· All adults have the right to independence which involves a degree of risk. 
Vulnerable Adult. 
This policy and its accompanying procedures apply to people:- 
• Who are aged 18 years and over. 
• Who are, or may be in need of Community Care services because of learning or physical disability, older age or physical or mental illness. 
• Who are, or may be, unable to take care of themselves, or unable to protect themselves from harm or exploitation by others. 
The phrase vulnerable adult recognises the high prevalence of abuse experienced by this group, but it should be recognised that this definition is contentious.
Abuse is a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by any other person or persons. 
A consensus has emerged identifying the following main different forms of abuse: 
§ physical abuse, including hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking, misuse of medication, restraint or inappropriate sanctions; 
§ sexual abuse, including rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could not consent or was pressured into consenting; 
§ psychological abuse, including emotional abuse, threats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation or withdrawal from services or supportive networks’; 
§ financial or material abuse, including theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with wills, property or inheritance or financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possessions or benefits; 
§ neglect and acts of omission including ignoring medical or physical care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services, the withholding of the necessities of life, such as medication, adequate nutrition and heating ; and 
§ discriminatory abuse including racist, sexist, that based on a person’s disability, and other forms of harassment, slurs or similar treatment. 
Any or all of these types of abuse may be perpetrated as a result of deliberate intent, negligence or ignorance. 
Principles of the Mental Capacity Act 2005. 
· There is a presumption of Capacity. 
· Individuals are supported to make their own decisions. 
· Individuals must retain the right to make eccentric or unwise decisions. 
· Everything done for or on behalf of people without capacity must be done in their best interests. 
· Anything done for or on behalf of people without capacity should be the least restrictive to their basic rights and freedom. 
Principles of Confidentiality. 
The right to privacy and dignity of any vulnerable adult will be respected at all times and protection of all confidential information is recognised as good practice. In every situation it will be assumed that a person can make their own decisions unless it is proven that they are unable to do so. 
· The sharing of information must be strictly on a need to know basis as stipulated in the Data Protection Act (1998). 
· Informed consent should be obtained as far as is possible. 
· No assurances of absolute confidentiality should be given and should not be confused with secrecy as this may hinder the safeguarding objective of making people safe. 
Risk Factors. 
There are certain factors and situations that place people at particular risk of being abused. The presence of one or more of these factors does not automatically imply abuse will result, but may increase the likelihood: 
· Need for intimate personal care. Certain personal care needs may present more opportunity for abuse. 
· Role reversal, for example, the adult child taking over parental role. 
· Living in the same household as a known abuser. 
· Where there is a family history of abuse. 
· Where an adult is dependent on others or others are dependent on them. 
· Inappropriate or dangerous physical or emotional environment. 
· Where there is a change in the life style of a member of the household, for example, unemployment, employment, illness. 
· A member of the household experiencing emotional or social isolation. 
· The existence of financial problems. 
· Difference in communication or a breakdown in communication. 
Alerting Procedure. 
This procedure applies to any concern, allegation or disclosure in any setting. In an emergency you must dial 999 for either the police or an ambulance. In all cases of concern, allegations or disclosure you should advise and assist the vulnerable adult to contact the Adult Social Care Services for the Local Authority where they live. Social Care services details can be found on your area’s County Council website. Do not undertake to keep any disclosure of abuse confidential. It is important to explain to the vulnerable adult before a disclosure that you may have to discuss the information given with a person in a more responsible position than yourself. 
The welfare of the vulnerable adult is paramount. 
Good Practice Guidelines. 
Recognising signs of adult abuse: 
· Thinking about what you see and asking yourself if it is acceptable practice. 
· Working strictly in accordance with anti-oppressive practice. 
· Taking seriously what you are told. 
· Being alert to hints, signals, non-verbal communication that could indicate abuse. 
Responding to disclosure. 
· Incidents of abuse or crimes may only come to light because the abused person themselves tells someone. 
· The person may not consider that they are being abused when they tell you what happened to them. 
· Disclosure may take place many years after the actual event. 
· Disclosure may take place when the person has left the setting in which they were abused. 
· Even if there is a delay the information must be taken seriously. 
If someone makes an allegation or discloses to you: 
1. Stay calm and try not to show shock. 
2. Listen carefully. 
3. Be sympathetic. 
4. Tell the person that: 
• They did the right thing in tell you. 
• You are treating the information seriously. 
• It was not their fault.
• You may have to pass the information on to more responsible persons.
5. Inform UKA welfare team. 
6. Write down what the person said to you as soon as possible. 
1. Question the person about the incident. 
2. Ask the person who, what, why, where when questions, this is the role of the police. 
3. Promise to keep secrets. 
4. Make promises that you cannot keep. 
5. Contact the alleged abuser.